The Sri Lankan elephant (Elephas maximus maximus) is one of three subspecies of the Asian elephant, and they
are native to Sri Lanka. Also Sri Lankan elephant listed as endangered by IUCN with the declining population.
The Sri Lankan elephant population is now mostly restricted to the dry zone in the east, north,and southeast of Sri Lanka. Elephants are present in Yala National Park, Udawalawe National Park, Lunugamvehera National Park, Wilpattu National Park and Minneriya National Park. The Yala elephant herd contains 300–350 individuals..There are small herds outside protected areas. It is estimated that Sri Lanka has the highest density of elephants in Asia. Human-elephant conflict is increasing due to conversion of elephant habitat to settlements and permanent cultivation and eco-irresponsible infrastructure development.
Asian elephants are usually smaller than African elephants . The tip of their trunk has one finger-like process. They have a convex or a leveled back. Females are generally smaller than males, and have short or no tusks.
Sri Lankan elephants are the largest subspecies reaching a shoulder height of between 2 and 3.5 m (6.6 and 11.5 ft), weigh between 2 and 5.5 Tons . Only 7% of males bear tusks. As per the elephant census conducted in 2011 by the Wildlife Conservation Department of Sri Lanka, only 2% of the total population are tuskers.
With Yala Adventure Safari, we are always ready to give you the thrilling, but safe experience of Safari tours inside Yala National Park with close encounters with majestic elephants.